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Full Text of Statement by Tun Dr Mahathir at the 73rd UNGA

by on September 29, 2018
 

The following is Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad’s speech at the general debate of the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, United States of America.

Madam President,

1. I would like to join others in congratulating you on your election as the President of the Seventy-Third (73rd) Session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

2. I am confident with your wisdom and vast experience; this session will achieve the objectives of the theme for this session. I assure you of Malaysia’s fullest support and cooperation towards achieving these noble goals.

3. Allow me to also pay tribute to your predecessor, His Excellency Miroslav Lajcak, for his dedication and stewardship in successfully completing the work of the 72nd Session of the General Assembly.

4. I commend the Secretary-General and the United Nations staff for their tireless efforts in steering and managing UN activities globally.

5. In particular, I pay tribute to the late Kofi Annan, the seventh Secretary-General of the UN from 1997 – 2006, who sadly passed away in August this year. Malaysia had a positively strong and active engagement with the UN during his tenure.

Madam President,

6. The theme of this 73rd Session of General Assembly, “Making the United Nations Relevant to All People: Global Leadership and Shared Responsibilities for Peaceful, Equitable and Sustainable Societies” remains true to the aspiration of our founding fathers. The theme is most relevant and timely. It is especially pertinent in the context of the new Malaysia. The new Government of Malaysia, recently empowered with a strong mandate from its people, is committed to ensure that every Malaysian has an equitable share in the prosperity and wealth of the nation.

7. A new Malaysia emerged after the 14th General Election in May this year. Malaysians decided to change their government, which had been in power for 61 years, i.e., since independence. We did this because the immediate past Government indulged in the politics of hatred, of racial and religious bigotry, as well as widespread corruption. The process of change was achieved democratically, without violence or loss of lives.

8. Malaysians want a new Malaysia that upholds the principles of fairness, good governance, integrity and the rule of law. They want a Malaysia that is a friend to all and enemy of none. A Malaysia that remains neutral and non-aligned. A Malaysia that detests and abhors wars and violence. They also want a Malaysia that will speak its mind on what is right and wrong, without fear or favour. A new Malaysia that believes in co-operation based on mutual respect, for mutual gain. The new Malaysia that offers a partnership based on our philosophy of ‘prosper-thy-neighbour’. We believe in the goodness of cooperation, that a prosperous and stable neighbour would contribute to our own prosperity and stability.

9. The new Malaysia will firmly espouse the principles promoted by the UN in our international engagements. These include the principles of truth, human rights, the rule of law, justice, fairness, responsibility and accountability, as well as sustainability. It is within this context that the new government of Malaysia has pledged to ratify all remaining core UN instruments related to the protection of human rights. It will not be easy for us because Malaysia is multi-ethnic, multireligious, multicultural and multilingual. We will accord space and time for all to deliberate and to decide freely based on democracy.

Madam President,

10. When I last spoke here in 2003, I lamented how the world had lost its way. I bemoaned the fact that small countries continued to be at the mercy of the powerful. I argued the need for the developing world to push for reform, to enhance capacity building and diversify the economy. We need to maintain control of our destiny.

11. But today, 15 years later the world has not changed much. If at all the world is far worse than 15 years ago. Today the world is in a state of turmoil

economically, socially and politically.

12. There is a trade war going on between the two most powerful economies. And the rest of the world feel the pain.

13. Socially new values undermine the stability of nations and their people. Freedom has led to the negation of the concept of marriage and families, of moral codes, of respect etc.

14. But the worse turmoil is in the political arena. We are seeing acts of terror everywhere. People are tying bombs to their bodies and blowing themselves up in crowded places. Trucks are driven into holiday crowds. Wars are fought and people beheaded with short knives. Acts of brutality are broadcast to the world live. Masses of people risk their lives to migrate only to be denied asylum, sleeping in the open and freezing to death. Thousands starve and tens of thousands die in epidemics of cholera.

15. No one, no country is safe. Security checks inconvenience travellers. No liquids on planes. The slightest suspicion leads to detention and unpleasant questioning.

16. To fight the “terrorists” all kinds of security measures, all kinds of gadgets and equipment are deployed. Big brother is watching. But the acts of terror continues.

17. Malaysia fought the bandits and terrorists at independence and defeated them. We did use the military. But alongside and more importantly we campaigned to win the hearts of minds of these people.

18. This present war against the terrorist will not end until the root causes are found and removed and hearts and minds are won.

19. What are the root causes? In 1948, Palestinian land was seized to form the state of Israel. The Palestinians were massacred and forced to leave their land. Their houses and farms were seized.

20. They tried to fight a conventional war with help from sympathetic neighbours. The friends of Israel ensured this attempt failed. More Palestinian land was seized. And Israeli settlements were built on more and more Palestinian land and the Palestinians are denied access to these settlements built on their land.

21. The Palestinians initially tried to fight with catapults and stones. They were shot with live bullets and arrested. Thousands are incarcerated.

22. Frustrated and angry, unable to fight a conventional war, the Palestinians resort to what we call terrorism.

23. The world does not care even when Israel breaks international laws, seizing ships carrying medicine, food and building materials in international waters. The Palestinians fired ineffective rockets which hurt no one. Massive retaliations were mounted by Israel, rocketing and bombing hospitals, schools and other buildings, killing innocent civilians including school children and hospital patients. And more.

24. The world rewards Israel, deliberately provoking Palestine by recognising Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

25. It is the anger and frustration of the Palestinians and their sympathisers that cause them to resort to what we call terrorism. But it is important to acknowledge that any act which terrify people also constitute terrorism. And states dropping bombs or launching rockets which maim and kill innocent people also terrify people. These are also acts of terrorism.

26. Malaysia hates terrorism. We will fight them. But we believe that the only way to fight terrorism is to remove the cause. Let the Palestinians return to reclaim their land. Let there be a state of Palestine. Let there be justice and the rule of law. Warring against them will not stop terrorism. Nor will out-terrorising them succeed.

27. We need to remind ourselves that the United Nations Organisation, like the League of Nations before, was conceived for the noble purpose of ending wars between nations.

28. Wars are about killing people. Modern wars are about mass killings and total destruction countrywide. Civilised nations claim they abhor killing for any reason. When a man kills, he commits the crime of murder. And the punishment for murder may be death.

29. But wars, we all know encourage and legitimise killing. Indeed the killings are regarded as noble, and the

killers are hailed as heroes. They get medals stuck to their chest and statues erected in their honour, have their names mentioned in history books.

30. There is something wrong with our way of thinking, with our value system. Kill one man, it is murder, kill a million and you become a hero. And so we still believe that conflict between nations can be resolved with war.

31. And because we still do, we must prepare for war. The old adage says “to have peace, prepare for war”. And we are forever preparing for war, inventing more and more destructive weapons. We now have nuclear bombs, capable of destroying whole cities. But now we know that the radiation emanating from the explosion will affect even the country using the bomb. A nuclear war would destroy the world.

32. This fear has caused the countries of Europe and North America to maintain peace for over 70 years. But that is not for other countries. Wars in these other countries can help live test the new weapons being invented.

33. And so they sell them to warring countries. We see their arms in wars fought between smaller countries. These are not world wars but they are no less destructive. Hundreds of thousands of people have been killed, whole countries devastated and nations bankrupted because of these fantastic new weapons.

34. But these wars give handsome dividends to the arms manufacturers and traders. The arms business is now the biggest business in the world. They profit shamelessly from the deaths and destructions they cause. Indeed, so-called peace-loving countries often promote this shameful business.

35. Today’s weapons cost millions. Fighter jets cost about 100 million dollars. And maintaining them cost tens of millions. But the poor countries are persuaded to buy them even if they cannot afford. They are told their neighbours or their enemies have them. It is imperative that they too have them.

36. So, while their people starve and suffer from all kinds of deprivations, a huge percentage of their budget is allocated to the purchase of arms. That their buyers may never have to use them bothers the purveyors not at all.

Madam President,

37. In Myanmar, Muslims in Rakhine state are being murdered, their homes torched and a million refugees had been forced to flee, to drown in the high seas, to live in makeshift huts, without water or food, without the most primitive sanitation. Yet the authorities of Myanmar including a Nobel Peace Laureate deny that this is happening. I believe in non-interference in the internal affairs of nations. But does the world watch massacres being carried out and do nothing? Nations are independent. But does this mean they have a right to massacre their own people, because they are independent?

Madam President,

38. On the other hand, in terms of trade, nations are no longer independent. Free trade means no protection by small countries of their infant industries. They must abandon tariff restrictions and open their countries to invasion by products of the rich and the powerful. Yet the simple products of the poor are subjected to clever barriers so that they cannot penetrate the market of the rich. Malaysian palm oil is labelled as dangerous to health and the estates are destroying the habitat of animals. Food products of the rich declare that they are palm oil free. Now palm diesel are condemned because they are decimating virgin jungles. These caring people forget that their boycott is depriving hundreds of thousands of people from jobs and a decent life.

39. We in Malaysia care for the environment. Some 48% of our country remains virgin jungle. Can our detractors claim the same for their own countries?

Madam President,

40. Malaysia is committed to sustainable development. We have taken steps, for example in improving production methods to ensure that our palm oil production is sustainable. By December 2019, the Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO) standard will become mandatory. This will ensure that every drop of palm oil produced in Malaysia will be certified sustainable by 2020.

Madam President,

41. All around the world, we observe a dangerous trend to inward-looking nationalism, of governments pandering to populism, retreating from international collaborations and shutting their borders to free movements of people, goods and services even as they talk of a borderless world, of free trade. While globalisation has indeed brought us some benefits, the impacts have proven to be threatening to the independence of small nations. We cannot even talk or move around without having our voices and movement recorded and often used against us. Data on everyone is captured and traded by powerful nations and their corporations.

42. Malaysia lauds the UN in its endeavours to end poverty, protect our planet and try to ensure everyone enjoys peace and prosperity. But I would like to refer to the need for reform in the organisation. Five countries on the basis of their victories 70 over years ago cannot claim to have a right to hold the world to ransom forever. They cannot take the moral high ground, preaching democracy and regime change in the countries of the world when they deny democracy in this organisation.

43. I had suggested that the veto should not be by just one permanent member but by at least two powers backed by three non-permanent members of the Security Council. The General Assembly should then back the decision with a simple majority. I will not say more.

44. I must admit that the world without the UN would be disastrous. We need the UN, we need to sustain it with sufficient funds. No one should threaten it with financial deprivation.

Madam President

45. After 15 years and at 93, I return to this podium with the heavy task of bringing the voice and hope of the new Malaysia to the world stage. The people of Malaysia, proud of their recent democratic achievement, have high hopes that around the world – we will see peace, progress and prosperity. In this we look toward the UN to hear our pleas.

I thank you, Madam President.

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Berikut adalah ucapan YAB Perdana Menteri Tun Dr Mahathir Bin Mohamad di Perhimpunan Agung Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu kali ke-73 di New York, Amerika Syarikat.

Puan Presiden,

1. Saya ingin turut serta mengucapkan tahniah atas pelantikan Puan sebagai Presiden Perhimpunan Agung Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu (UNGA) ke-73.

2. Saya yakin dengan kebijaksanaan dan pengalaman luas Puan, sesi ini akan mencapai objektif tema sesi kali ini. Saya memberi jaminan terhadap sokongan penuh dan kerjasama Malaysia ke arah mencapai semua matlamat mulia ini.

3. Izinkan saya untuk merakamkan penghargaan kepada Presiden terdahulu, Yang Berbahagia Miroslav Lajcak, atas dedikasi dan kepemimpinan beliau melaksanakan sesi UNGA ke-72.

4. Saya amat menghargai usaha berterusan Setiausaha Agung dan kakitangan Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu atas usaha berterusan dalam memacu serta menguruskan aktiviti PBB di seluruh dunia.

5. Secara khususnya, saya merakamkan penghargaan kepada mendiang Kofi Annan, Setiausaha Agung PBB yang ketujuh dari 1997 hingga 2006, yang meninggal dunia pada Ogos lalu. Malaysia mempunyai hubungan kukuh dan aktif dengan PBB ketika perkhidmatan beliau.

Puan Presiden,

6. Tema Perhimpunan Agung sesi ke-73 iaitu ‘Menjadikan PBB Relevan Kepada Semua: Kepemimpinan Global dan Perkongsian Tanggungjawab Ke arah Masyarakat Aman, Sama Rata dan Mapan’ kekal menjadi aspirasi nenek moyang kita. Tema ini amat relevan dan tepat pada masanya. Ia amat bersesuaian dalam konteks Malaysia Baharu. Kerajaan baharu Malaysia yang dibentuk atas mandat kukuh suara rakyat, komited dalam memastikan setiap rakyat Malaysia memiliki hak sama rata dalam perkongsian kemakmuran dan kekayaan negara.

7. Malaysia baharu terbentuk selepas Pilihan Raya Umum ke-14 pada Mei lalu. Rakyat Malaysia memutuskan untuk menukar kerajaan yang berkuasa selama 61 tahun, iaitu sejak kemerdekaan. Kami melakukannya kerana kerajaan terdahulu mengamalkan politik kebencian, ketaksuban perkauman dan agama, selain rasuah yang berleluasa. Proses peralihan kuasa berlangsung secara demokratik tanpa keganasan atau kehilangan nyawa.

8. Rakyat Malaysia mahukan Malaysia baharu yang mengamalkan dasar keadilan, tadbir urus baik, integriti dan kedaulatan undang-undang. Mereka mahukan Malaysia yang menjadi rakan semua dan tidak bermusuh dengan sesiapa. Malaysia yang kekal tidak berpihak dan berkecuali. Malaysia yang membenci peperangan dan keganasan. Mereka juga mahukan Malaysia yang berani bersuara dalam menegakkan kebenaran dan menentang kebatilan, tanpa rasa takut atau gentar. Malaysia baharu yang percaya kepada kerjasama berdasarkan sikap saling menghormati demi manfaat bersama. Malaysia baharu yang menawarkan kerjasama berdasarkan falsafah ‘hormati jiran tetangga’. Kami percaya dengan kerjasama baik, jiran yang makmur dan stabil dapat menyumbang terhadap kemakmuran dan kestabilan negara sendiri.

9. Malaysia baharu akan teguh menyokong prinsip PBB dalam hubungan antarabangsa kami. Ini termasuk prinsip kebenaran, hak asasi manusia, kedaulatan undang-undang, keadilan, kesamarataan, tanggungjawab dan kebertanggungjawaban, selain kemapanan. Kerajaan baharu Malaysia turut berikrar dalam lingkungan sama, untuk mengiktiraf semua baki instrumen PBB berkaitan perlindungan hak asasi manusia. Ia bukan mudah bagi kami kerana Malaysia adalah negara berbilang etnik, agama, budaya dan bahasa. Kami akan memperuntukkan ruang dan masa bagi semua untuk membuat keputusan secara bebas berasaskan demokrasi.

Puan Presiden,

10. Kali terakhir saya berucap di sini pada 2003, saya teringat bagaimana dunia ini kehilangan arah. Saya meratapi hakikat betapa negara kecil terus melutut di kaki negara berkuasa. Saya tegaskan perlunya negara membangun mendesak supaya dunia berubah, meningkatkan pembinaan kapasiti dan mempelbagaikan ekonomi. Kita mesti kekal mengawal masa depan sendiri.

11. Namun hari ini, 15 tahun berikutnya, dunia tidak banyak berubah. Malah, boleh dikatakan keadaan dunia ketika ini jauh lebih teruk berbanding 15 tahun lalu. Hari ini, dunia berada dalam kegawatan ekonomi, sosial dan politik.

12. Perang ekonomi hebat melanda di antara dua kuasa terbesar ekonomi dunia. Dan seluruh dunia terkena perit tempiasnya.

13. Nilai sosial baharu mengurangkan kestabilan negara dan rakyatnya. Kebebasan membawa kepada terhakisnya konsep perkahwinan dan keluarga, nilai moral, hormat dan sebagainya.

14. Bagaimanapun, kegawatan terburuk adalah dalam arena politik. Kita menyaksikan perlakuan keganasan di mana-mana. Ada yang mengikat bom ke tubuh dan meletupkan diri di tempat awam. Trak dipandu merempuh pelancong bercuti. Peperangan berleluasa manakala orang dipancung sesuka hati. Perlakuan ganas disiarkan secara langsung ke seluruh dunia. Rakyat mempertaruhkan nyawa untuk berhijrah, sebelum dinafikan hak perlindungan suaka, tidur beratapkan langit dan kedinginan hingga meragut nyawa. Ramai menanggung kelaparan manakala ribuan lagi meninggal dunia akibat wabak taun.

15. Tiada sesiapa dan tiada negara yang selamat. Pemeriksaan keselamatan menyukarkan perjalanan orang ramai. Cecair dilarang dalam pesawat. Sedikit syak wasangka boleh membawa kepada penahanan dan soal siasat menjengkelkan.

16. Pelbagai jenis gajet dan peralatan digunakan dalam usaha menangani ‘pengganas’. ‘Kuasa besar’ sentiasa memerhati. Bagaimanapun, perlakuan keganasan terus berlaku.

17. Malaysia menentang penjahat dan pengganas untuk mencapai kemerdekaan serta mengalahkan mereka. Kami menggunakan tentera, namun apa yang lebih penting, kami berkempen untuk memenangi hati dan fikiran rakyat.

18. Peperangan menentang pengganas tidak akan berakhir selagi punca di akar umbi tidak ditemui dan dihapuskan, manakala hati dan pemikiran dikuasai.

19. Apakah puncanya? Pada 1948, tanah rakyat Palestin dirampas untuk mewujudkan Israel. Rakyat Palestin dibunuh beramai-ramai dan dipaksa meninggalkan kampung halaman. Rumah dan ladang mereka dirampas.

20. Mereka cuba melawan perang konvensional dengan bantuan jiran yang bersimpati. Bagaimanapun, rakan kepada Israel memastikan cubaan itu gagal. Lebih banyak tanah Palestin dirampas manakala penempatan Israel dibina secara meluas di atas tanah Palestin. Pada masa sama, rakyat Palestin dinafikan akses terhadap penempatan yang dibina di tanah mereka.

21. Awalnya rakyat Palestin cuba melawan menggunakan lastik dan batu. Mereka ditembak dengan peluru hidup dan ditangkap. Ribuan lagi dipenjarakan.

22. Kecewa dan marah, kecundang dalam menentang peperangan konvensional, rakyat Palestin beralih kepada apa yang kini dipanggil keganasan.

23. Dunia langsung tidak peduli ketika Israel melanggar undang-undang antarabangsa, merampas kapal membawa ubat-ubatan, makanan dan bahan binaan di perairan antarabangsa. Rakyat Palestin melancarkan roket biasa yang tidak mencederakan sesiapa. Israel bertindak balas secara besar-besaran, melancarkan roket dan mengebom hospital, sekolah serta pelbagai bangunan yang mengorbankan nyawa orang awam termasuk kanak-kanak dan pesakit. Dan ramai lagi.

24. Dunia menghargai Israel dan sengaja membakar perasaan Palestin dengan mengiktiraf Baitulmaqdis sebagai ibu negara Israel.

25. Kemarahan membuak dan kekecewaan rakyat Palestin serta rakan yang bersimpati, mendorong mereka bertindak terhadap apa yang dipanggil keganasan. Namun demikian, penting untuk kita memperakui bahawa apa juga perlakuan yang menakutkan orang ramai, turut mendorong kepada keganasan. Dan negara yang mengebom atau melancarkan roket hingga mencacatkan atau meragut nyawa mereka yang tidak berdosa, juga menakutkan orang ramai. Ini juga adalah perlakuan keganasan.

26. Malaysia bencikan keganasan. Kami akan menentangnya habis-habisan. Namun kami percaya, satu-satunya cara untuk menentang keganasan ialah dengan menghapuskan puncanya. Benarkan rakyat Palestin mendapatkan kembali wilayah mereka. Izinkan pembentukan negara Palestin. Hidupkan keadilan dan kedaulatan undang-undang. Penentangan terhadap mereka tidak akan menghentikan keganasan. Cubaan untuk mengatasi mereka juga tidak akan berhasil.

27. Kita perlu mengingatkan diri sendiri bahawa PBB, seperti mana Liga Negara-Negara satu ketika dulu, dibentuk dengan matlamat murni untuk menamatkan peperangan antara negara.

28. Peperangan bermakna membunuh manusia. Peperangan moden cenderung kepada pembunuhan beramai-ramai dan kemusnahan negara. Negara bertamadun mendakwa mereka menentang pembunuhan atas apa alasan sekalipun. Apabila seseorang membunuh, dia melakukan jenayah bunuh. Dan balasannya mungkin hukuman mati.

29. Bagaimanapun, seperti yang diketahui, peperangan menggalakkan dan membenarkan pembunuhan. Malah, pembunuhan itu dianggap mulia manakala pembunuh dijulang sebagai wira. Dada mereka disemat pingat manakala patung didirikan bagi mengenang jasa mereka, nama pula dicatat dalam buku sejarah.

30. Ada yang tidak kena dengan cara kita berfikir, dengan sistem nilai kita. Bunuh seorang lelaki, itu adalah pembunuhan. Bunuh sejuta orang dan anda menjadi wira. Dan kita masih percaya konflik antara negara boleh diselesaikan dengan peperangan.

31. Oleh kerana kita masih begitu, kita mesti bersedia untuk berperang. Pepatah lama mengatakan ‘untuk mendapat keamanan, siap sedia untuk berperang’. Dan kita selama-lamanya bersedia untuk berperang, mencipta lebih banyak senjata yang merosakkan. Kita kini mempunyai bom nuklear, yang mampu memusnahkan seluruh bandar. Tetapi sekarang kita tahu radiasi yang berpunca daripada letupan akan memberi kesan terhadap negara yang menggunakan senjata itu sendiri. Perang nuklear akan memusnahkan dunia.

32. Ketakutan ini menyebabkan negara Eropah dan Amerika Utara mengekalkan keamanan selama lebih dari 70 tahun. Tetapi itu bukan untuk negara lain. Perang di negara lain boleh digunakan untuk menguji senjata baharu yang dicipta.

33. Dan mereka menjualnya ke negara berperang. Kita melihat senjata mereka dalam perang antara negara kecil. Ini bukan perang dunia tetapi tidak kurang kemusnahan yang dibawa. Ratusan ribu orang dibunuh, seluruh negara hancur dan negara itu muflis disebabkan senjata baharu yang hebat ini.

34. Namun peperangan ini memberi keuntungan kepada pengeluar dan pedagang senjata. Perniagaan senjata kini menjadi perniagaan terbesar di dunia. Mereka mendapat keuntungan tak bermaruah daripada kematian dan kemusnahan yang yang berpunca daripada mereka. Malah sebenarnya, negara yang kononnya mencintai keamanan ini yang mempromosikan perniagaan memalukan ini.

35. Hari ini, senjata menelan kos berjuta ringgit. Jet pejuang berharga kira-kira AS$100 juta. Dan kos penjagaan serta penyelenggaraan membabitkan berpuluh juta dolar. Tetapi negara miskin dipujuk untuk membeli walaupun mereka tidak mampu. Mereka diberitahu jiran mereka atau musuh memilikinya, maka penting untuk mereka mempunyai senjata sama.

36. Justeru, ketika rakyat mereka kelaparan dan tertekan akibat pelbagai jenis penderitaan, sebahagian besar bajet diperuntukkan untuk membeli senjata. Hakikat bahawa pembeli terbabit mungkin tidak tidak perlu menggunakannya langsung tidak melintasi pemikiran si penjual.

Puan Presiden,

37. Di Myanmar, umat Islam di wilayah Rakhine dibunuh, kediaman mereka dibakar manakala sejuta pelarian dipaksa menyelamatkan diri, lemas di lautan, berteduh di pondok jerami, ketiadaan bekalan air atau makanan, jauh sekali kemudahan sanitasi. Namun demikian, pihak berkuasa Myanmar termasuk seorang penerima Anugerah Nobel Keamanan, menafikan itu berlaku. Saya percaya kepada prinsip tidak mencampuri hal-ehwal dalaman negara lain. Namun apakah dunia hanya memerhatikan pembunuhan beramai-ramai berlaku tanpa berbuat apa-apa? Semua negara bebas merdeka. Tetapi apakah ia bermakna mereka mempunyai hak membunuh rakyat sendiri, hanya kerana mereka merdeka?

Puan Presiden,

38. Pada masa sama, dari aspek dagangan, negara tidak lagi bebas. Perdagangan bebas bermakna negara kecil tidak melindungi industri kecil mereka. Mereka mesti mengetepikan sekatan tarif dan membuka negara mereka kepada kemasukan produk negara kaya serta berkuasa. Namun demikian, produk biasa negara kecil tertakluk kepada sekatan licik supaya mereka tidak dapat menembusi pasaran mewah. Minyak kelapa sawit Malaysia dilabel sebagai berbahaya kepada kesihatan manakala ladangnya dikatakan memusnahkan habitat haiwan. Produk makanan negara kaya didakwa bebas daripada minyak sawit. Kini diesel sawit dikecam kerana memusnahkan hutan dara. Kelompok ini terlupa pemulauan minyak sawit ini menyebabkan ratusan ribu pekebun kehilangan pekerjaan dan tidak dapat menikmati kehidupan sempurna.

39. Di Malaysia, kami amat mengambil berat perihal alam sekitar. Kira-kira 48 peratus daripada negara kami adalah hutan dara. Mampukah penentang kami membuat dakwaan sama mengenai negara mereka?

Puan Presiden,

40. Malaysia komited terhadap pembangunan mapan. Kami telah mengambil pelbagai langkah, sebagai contoh meningkatkan kaedah pengeluaran bagi memastikan pengeluaran minyak kelapa sawit dilakukan secara mapan. Menjelang Disember 2019, piawaian Minyak Sawit Mapan Malaysia (MSPO) akan menjadi mandatori. Ini akan memastikan setiap titisan minyak sawit keluaran Malaysia akan diperakui mapan menjelang 2020.

Puan Presiden,

41. Di seluruh dunia, kita menyaksikan aliran berbahaya membabitkan nasionalisme yang mementingkan diri sendiri, kerajaan cenderung menjadi populis, menjauhi kerjasama antarabangsa dan menutup sempadan kepada pergerakan bebas orang ramai, barangan dan perkhidmatan walaupun pada masa sama, mereka lantang menyebut mengenai dunia tanpa sempadan, perdagangan bebas. Pada ketika globalisasi ada manfaatnya, impaknya jelas mengancam kebebasan negara kecil. Kita tidak boleh bersuara atau bergerak tanpa ada yang mendengar dan merakam pergerakan yang diguna untuk menentang kita. Maklumat berkaitan semua disimpan dan dijadikan bahan dagang oleh negara berkuasa serta pertubuhan mereka.

42. Malaysia memuji usaha PBB ke arah menghapuskan kemiskinan, memelihara bumi dan cuba memastikan setiap orang menikmati keamanan dan kemakmuran. Bagaimanapun, saya ingin merujuk terhadap perlunya pertubuhan ini melalui beberapa perubahan. Lima negara atas dasar kemenangan lebih 70 tahun lalu, tidak boleh mendakwa mempunyai hak untuk menentukan hala dunia selama-lamanya. Mereka tidak boleh memperkudakan moral, melaungkan demokrasi dan perubahan rejim negara lain di dunia sedangkan mereka menafikan demokrasi dalam pertubuhan ini.

43. Saya pernah mencadangkan kuasa veto tidak sepatutnya dipegang oleh hanya satu anggota tetap, sebaliknya sekurang-kurangnya dua kuasa besar dengan disokong tiga negara bukan anggota tetap Majlis Keselamatan. Perhimpunan Agung boleh menyokong keputusan itu dengan majoriti mudah. Itu saja yang ingin saya katakan,

44. Saya akui, dunia akan kucar-kacir tanpa PBB. Kita perlukan PBB, kita perlu mengekalkannya dengan dana mencukupi. Tiada siapa berhak mengancamnya dengan kekangan kewangan.

Puan Presiden,

45. Selepas 15 tahun dan pada usia 93 tahun, saya kembali ke podium ini dengan memikul tanggungjawab berat membawa suara dan harapan Malaysia baharu ke pentas dunia. Rakyat Malaysia yang bangga dengan pencapaian demokratik mereka baru-baru ini, mempunyai harapan menggunung – untuk melihat keamanan, kemajuan dan kemakmuran – di seluruh dunia. Kami berharap PBB akan mendengar permintaan kami ini.

Terima kasih, Puan Presiden.

Sumber: NST TV, NSTP, Berita Harian

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